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The European Union Referendum held on the 23rd June 2016 resulted in a majority of 52% to leave the EU. Scotland saw things differently as every Scottish constituency voted to remain in the EU - resulting in a final majority of 62%.

The vote was UK wide and, because of the vastly greater number of voters in England, the UK 52% majority to leave swamped Scotland's 62% vote to remain. Effectively, Scotland was forced to comply with the UK result to leave the EU.

However, during the 2014 independence referendum, Scots were told that a vote for independence was guaranteed to remove Scotland from the EU. Conversely, a vote to stay in the UK would ensure Scotland would always continue to enjoy membership in the EU. This assurance was a powerful influence on the way many Scots voted - so much so, the closely contested result was a win for the NO side (to remain in the UK).

Professor Michael Dougan

Professor Michael Dougan from the EU Law @ Liverpool team explains what the single market is, and why leaving it would present enormous challenges to the UK economy.

This is a short, but extremely accurate account of what the Single Market is, how it works and what are the advantages to embracing this large market of over 500 million consumers.

He explains the philosophy behind the rules and regulations attached to the single market and acknowledges the process is still on-going as the EU is continually introducing measures to fine-tune the harmonisation of trade between its member states.

Recent soundbites like "Brexit means Brexit" and "we are taking back control" ignores the main attractions of the internal market and seems to offer no alternative model that would rival these existing benefits.

Scotland in Europe

Scotland’s Place in Europe presents the Scottish Government’s proposals for mitigating the impact on Scotland of the UK’s exit from the EU.

The paper sets out the importance of continued European Single Market membership for Scotland, and demonstrates that this is also the best outcome for the UK as a whole.

It then sets out the Scottish Government’s strategy for ensuring Scotland can remain a member of the European Single Market even if the UK Government chooses a different outcome, before laying out the impact of the EU referendum on the current devolution settlement and the new powers which will come to Scotland.

London Calling

Two organisations emerged as losers after the Scottish 2014 independence referendum.

YES Scotland won praise after narrowly failing to overturn a thirty point deficit. The other loser was the BBC. The British State broadcaster sacrificed its reputation in return for a narrow win for the No campaign.

London Calling captures the descent of the BBC during Scotland's historic referendum period. A two year orgy of spin, deceit, manipulation and corruption has been packaged into a powerful seventy minute documentary exposé.

Thought you could trust the BBC? Prepare to be shocked.

Nicola Sturgeon Scotland's First Minister

Brexit: Scotland’s Nicola Sturgeon actually had a plan.

The first casualty after the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union on the 23rd June 2016 was Prime Minister David Cameron. He resigned just hours after losing the Brexit referendum, having gambled the nation’s economic future in an ill-conceived attempt to pacify infighting in his Conservative party.

Next on the chopping block was Boris Johnson, who, after leading the Leave campaign, appeared startled and unprepared for victory. He was forced out of the race to succeed Cameron by an ally’s betrayal.

A third leader, Jeremy Corbyn, lost a vote of no confidence to the Labour Party rank-and-file, which was furious over his halfhearted case for the Remain side. A leadership race is now in progress with Corbyn standing for re-election, despite the objections of his parliamentary MP's but supported by the membership at branch level.

Possibly the most shameless figure to exit the stage was Nigel Farage, the leader of the U.K. Independence Party (UKIP). He admitted after victory that a critical argument for Brexit had been a “mistake,” and then resigned his position.

As the dust settled after the Brexit vote, the only major British politicians standing were two women: Theresa May, the new Tory Prime Minister, and Nicola Sturgeon, the Scottish First Minister. Unlike May, who lucked her way into a battlefield promotion, Sturgeon had a plan - and is arguably the sole British party leader to emerge stronger from the Brexit bloodbath. She campaigned to remain in the European Union but has been steadier in defeat than anyone on the Leave side has been in victory.