The price of oil as quoted in the media is the price of a commodity that's different from the fuel you fill your car with - it is in fact crude oil.
Crude oil is the raw fluid that is extracted from the well and this base material gets processed into a variety of products at oil refineries. So if the price of oil goes up, the price of fuel goes up. However, there are a number of other factors affecting the price of fuel and that's why the fuel price doesn't always fall with the price of oil.
Refining capacity can rise and fall. If a major refinery develops problems and has to shut down, then the global volume of products that can be refined will fall. The price of fuel rises because of shortages, but the price of crude oil will fall because of gluts.
Eight months before the Scottish Referendum, Standard & Poor's (the much respected international credit agency) published a report that analysed the fortunes of an Independent Scotland in terms of its credit rating.
The findings of the report didn't make good reading for the Better Together Campaign who launched a new round of scaremongering to deflect attention away from S&P's conclusion that Scotland could probably attract a very high credit rating, possibly as high as AAA.
The justification of this potential rating blew holes in most of the 'Project Fear' scare stories and exposed the lies and twisted assumptions the Unionists claimed would be a disaster for an independent Scotland's financial and economic viability.
The report states emphatically that S&P would expect Scotland to ‘benefit from all the attributes of an investment-grade sovereign credit’ due to its ‘wealthy’ economy, and that it saw ‘no fundamental reason’ in terms of Scotland’s balance sheet why Scotland could not float its own currency if it so wished. It also upheld the rating if Scotland should elect to share Sterling.
This is a video released by the Scottish Government (5th January 2016) that briefly explains the mechanism behind Scotland's funding from the UK Government.
This is a good introduction (although very brief) to the various components of the funding, who decides what sums are allocated and where that allocation should go.
The video begins with a reference to how the collected taxes are distributed via the Block Grant (roughly £30 Billion) and goes on to explain how this is derived via the Barnett Formula. Following on from this, there is an explanation of the various factors that influence the amount of money that is available and what areas these amounts will address.
The video is short and concise and as such, presents a useful introduction to this very important source of funding. We will have numerous in-depth articles and presentations on funding in the Knowledgebase in due course.
The following information relates to the Children and Young People (Scotland) Bill - Part 4 (Provision of Named Persons)
There has been a lot of debate surrounding this provision. The views of parents, guardians, health care professionals and charities have been voiced at many levels. Misinformation and misconceptions have been at the heart of most of the criticism levelled at the new provision. In reality, it is really just an enhancement of what already existed - the only real difference is, it enshrines the right to a Named Person in law.
The updated provision relies on the "Getting it right for Every Child" (GIRFEC) approach which improves the way services are delivered to children and young people. This approach has received welcome cross-party support in the Scottish Parliament and in local authorities.
Access to a Named Person is an entitlement for children and young people from birth to 18 years, or beyond if still in school. A form of the Named Person service is already operating across much of Scotland and this is planned to be available nationally by 31 August 2016.
There are 73 constituency seats and 56 regional seats in the Scottish voting system. Combined, these return 129 Members to the Scottish Parliament(MSPs).
Each elector(voter) has two votes.
The first vote is used to select a candidate who is standing in a constituency. This relies on the First Past The Post (FPTP) system where the candidate with the highest number of votes will become elected as the MSP for that constituency. The Political Party represented by the winning candidate adds to the number of seats won by that party.
The second vote is used to select a party as opposed to an individual candidate and is known as the Additional Member System (AMS). Eight regions (comprising of 8 to 10 constituencies) have a list of 7 parliamentary seats allocated to them. Which party wins which seat is determined by votes cast and processed through the D'Hondt system - a mathematical process to score the votes over a number of rounds. In each round, the highest scoring party is allocated a seat. There are 7 seats available, so the process lasts for 7 rounds.