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As part of the UK, Scotland’s farmers receive the third lowest direct payment per hectare in the European Union. Independent member states have benefitted from the European Union’s principle that no member state should receive less than the minimum EU average payment rate of €196 per hectare. Had Scotland been an independent member state when the latest CAP round was agreed, this principle would have meant gaining an additional €1 billion of support between 2014 and 2020.

The following table shows how Scotland compares with EU member states before and after the recent CAP negotiations.

 

Table 1: Annual CAP Pillar 1 - Direct Payments per hectare - existing legislation and allocation for 2019.

Member State

Direct Payments
(Existing Legislation)
Per Hectare

2019 Direct Payments
Per Hectare

Malta €696 €640
Netherlands €457 €403
Belgium €435 €386
Italy €404 €363
Greece €384 €350
Cyprus €372 €338
Denmark €363 €332
Slovenia €325 €302
Germany €319 €298
France €296 €281
Luxembourg €275 €269
Ireland €271 €261
Austria €262 €253
Hungary €260 €251
Czech Republic €257 €249
Spain €229 €233
Finland €237 €230
Sweden €235 €229
Bulgaria €233 €228
United Kingdom €229 €225
Poland €215 €216
Slovakia €206 €210
Portugal €194 €205
Estonia €117 €196
Latvia €95 €196
Lithuania €144 €196
Romania €183 €196
Scotland €130 €128

 

Source: Scotland's Future, Scottish Government, November 2013.