Frequently Asked Questions - How will independence affect the support that Scottish farmers receive under Europe’s Common Agriculture Policy (CAP)?
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As part of the UK, Scotland’s farmers receive the third lowest direct payment per hectare in the European Union. Independent member states have benefitted from the European Union’s principle that no member state should receive less than the minimum EU average payment rate of €196 per hectare. Had Scotland been an independent member state when the latest CAP round was agreed, this principle would have meant gaining an additional €1 billion of support between 2014 and 2020.
The following table shows how Scotland compares with EU member states before and after the recent CAP negotiations.
Table 1: Annual CAP Pillar 1 - Direct Payments per hectare - existing legislation and allocation for 2019.
2019 Direct Payments
Source: Scotland's Future, Scottish Government, November 2013.